Safe & Effective Exterior Insulation Retrofits

Project Page

With the current push to retrofit homes, it is important to understand how moisture transfer is affected by common exterior insulation methods. Is there danger of moisture accumulation leading to rot or mold in the walls? This work will examine the potential for moisture accumulation as a function of exterior insulation R-value and the presence of “double vapor barriers”.

Home retrofits for energy efficiency are increasingly important as energy prices rise. A popular option is adding rigid foam to the home exterior. This decreases the heat lost through the wall, but there is a potential moisture problem as the foam acts as a second vapor barrier outside the wall. Because most homes have a vapor barrier on the interior side of the wall, this double vapor barrier situation can trap moisture in the walls and can potentially create mold and rot.

There are three main questions we will try to answer:

  • Does a double vapor barrier cause moisture problems in the dry Fairbanks climate?
  • Is there a minimum thickness of exterior insulation that can be added to prevent condensation problems?
  • What is the most “materials efficient” way to retrofit an existing home with exterior foam?

To answer these questions, we will use our Mobile Test Laboratory (MTL), a road-worthy trailer with nine test wall bays. All nine test walls were built using typical building practices. Each test wall has a different ratio of insulation in the wall cavity (fiberglass batts) to the insulation on the exterior of the wall (rigid or spray-on foam). Also, some walls have no interior vapor barriers.

Each wall in the MTL has 15 sensors embedded in it. They will record temperature, wood moisture content, relative humidity, and heat flux through the wall. The MTL will run the test from October 2009 though summer of 2010.

At the end of the study, we will produce a report on the moisture that can accumulate from improperly applying exterior foam insulation to an existing home. We are grateful to the Alaska Housing Finance Corporation for their support of this project.

Exterior Insulation Envelope Retrofits in Sub-Arctic Environments

Safe and Effective Exterior Insulation Retrofits: Phase I

Safe and Effective Exterior Insulation Retrofits: Phase II

Projects

Permafrost Foundations CCHRC is working with the U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory to study ways of pairing information on permafrost soils with optimal foundation designs.
reflective insulation Reflective Insulation Study Reflective insulation can be effective in reducing solar heat gain in hot, sunny climates but is less effective in cold climates. This project evaluated the effectiveness of reflective insulations in cold climate construction.
Straw Bale House Monitoring CCHRC gathered data from three straw bale houses in the Fairbanks area on temperature and moisture gradients throughout the straw bale insulation of exterior walls.
Mobile Test Lab - Wall Systems for Southeast Alaska CCHRC tested wall sections appropriate to SE Alaska in the Mobile Test Lab.
Durable Envelopes for Cold Climates CCHRC is developing and testing building envelope designs that can withstand cold climates and healthy indoor humidity levels. The Mobile Test Lab has nine test wall bays, each with a different configuration of studs and insulation—including a control wall with fiberglass batt insulation.